Down’s syndrome, is a genetic difference, a neurodivergence, which occurs as the result of an additional chromosome (chromosome 21) being present. This occurs due to a random change in the sperm or egg, rather than as an inherited gene (only rarely) or any detrimental behaviour during pregnancy.

Down’s is classed as a learning (intellectual) disability, to varying degrees, not a learning difficulty. For clarification on the difference between learning disabilities and learning difficulties, click here.

Here is more information on Down’s from Mencap’s website.

*It’s worth noting that some other countries refer to this as Down syndrome (without the ‘s) – it might help with your research to know that.*