Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) is an independent but commonly co-occurring condition with autism and ADHD. It is nothing to do with the quality of hearing – it is about the brain’s ability to process the sounds that it hears in a way that we can understand easily. It is often made worse if there is background noise or other distractions, or if we are hearing someone talk very quickly; in an unfamiliar accent; if that person is looking elsewhere, or if there are no visual clues.

I find that watching an instructional video, that I can pause as I go, is so much easier to comprehend than listening to someone, even if that person is in the room with me! Repetition, a slow or steady pace, keeping it simple and telling me things in a logical order are all very helpful. We’re all different, so it’s a matter of finding what works for you, as ever.